新SAT语法形近词辨析,附OG官方样题检验


来源:   时间:2017-01-04 09:57:10

  英语单词中的形近词就跟现实生活中的双胞胎一样,调皮起来真的是让人又爱又恨,在新SAT的语法考试中这些形近词时常出现,大大干扰了同学们答题的效率与准确率,今天小编就几个形近词给大家做分析,每组词后面还有相对应的OG官方样题,看完了做一下,检测一下是不是真的看懂了。
 
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  1. await  VS  wait

 
  await  vt.
  意:If you await someone or something, you wait for them.
  例:Very little was said as we awaited the arrival of the chairman.
 
  wait  vt./vi
  意: You spend some time doing very little, because you cannot act until that thing happens or that person arrives.
 
  例:I walk to a street corner and wait for the school bus.
  While they await for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need.(OG-2-41)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. awaiting
  C. they waited
  D. waiting
 

  2.  site  VS  cite  VS  sight

 
  site n.
  意:a piece of ground that is used for a particular purpose or where a particular thing happens.
  例:I was working as a foreman on a building site.
 
  cite v.
  意:you quote it or mention it, especially as an example or proof of what you are saying.
  例:She cites a favorite poem by George Herbert.
 
  sight n.
  意:n. ①ability to see; ②something that you see.
  例:①My sight is failing, and I can't see to read any more.
  ②The practice of hanging clothes across the street is a common sight in many parts of the city.
  Brice Russ of Ohio State through posting on one social media cite in search of particular words and phrases of interest as well as the location from which users are posting.(OG-4-30)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. site in search of
  C. sight in search of
  D. cite in search for
 

  3. its  VS  it’s

 
  its  pron.
  意:“its” is the possessive form of “it”
  例:He held the knife by its blade.
 
  it’s  abbr.
  意:“it’s” means “it is.”
  例:It's the best news I've heard in a long time.
  It took me by surprise, then, when my favorite exhibit at the museum was one of it’s tiniest; the Thorne Miniature Rooms.(OG-2-14)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. its tiniest;
  C. its tiniest;
  D. it’s tiniest,
 

  4.  their  VS  there  VS  they’re

 
  their   pron.
  意:“Their” is the possessive form of “they.”
  例:Janis and Kurt have announced their engagement.
 
  there  pron.
  意:used as the subject of the verb "be" to say that something exists or does not exist, or to draw attention to it.
  例:There are temporary traffic lights now at the school.
 
  they’re  abbr.
  意:“They’re” means “they are.”
  例:People eat when they're depressed.
  Like their terrestrial plant cousins, kelp removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, turning it into sugar fuel through photosynthesis, and releases oxygen back into the air.(OG-2-29)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. they’re
  C. its
  D. it’s
 

  5.  reduction  VS  reduce  VS  deduct

 
  reduction  n.
  意:the act of making something smaller in size or amount, or less in degree.
  例:We found that there’s a trend towards the reduction of exports by China.
 
  reduce  vt./vi.
  意:make it smaller in size or amount, or less in degree.
  例:It reduces the risks of heart disease.
 
  deduct  vt.
  意:subtract an amount from the total.
  例:The company deducted this payment from his compensation.
  In recent years, public libraries in the United States have experienced reducing in their operating funds due to cuts imposed at the federal, state, and local government levels.(OG-2-1)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. reduction
  C. deducting
  D. deducts
 

  6.  fair  VS  fare

 
  fair  adj.
  意: Something or someone is reasonable, right, and just.
  例:I wanted them to get a fair deal.
 
  fare   n.
  意: the money that you pay for a trip that you make, for example, in a bus, train, or taxi.
  例:He could barely afford the fare.
 

  7.  than  VS  then

 
  than  conj.
  意:use it after a comparative adjective or adverb in order to link two parts of a comparison.
  例:Children learn faster than adults.
 
  then  adv.
  意:①one thing happens after another, or is after another on a list;②at a particular time in the past or in the future.
  例 :①Add the oil and then the scallops to the pan.
  ②He wanted to have a source of income after his retirement; until then, he wouldn't require additional money.
  More like a fair then an actual cafe; the first Repair cafe took place in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.(OG-2-38)
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. fair than
  C. fare than
  D. fair, then
 

  8.  maintain  VS  sustain

  maintain  vt.
  意:continue to have it, and do not let it stop or grow weaker.
  例:After the divorce, their father still maintained close contact with the boys.
 
  sustain   vt.
  意:continue it or maintain it for a period of time.
  例:He has sustained his fierce social conscience from young adulthood through old age.
 
  Although advocates of organic food preserve that organic produce is healthier than conventionally grown produce because it has more vitamins and minerals, this assertion is not supported by scientific research.
  A. NO CHANGE
  B. carry on
  C. maintain
  D. sustain
 


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