2018年9月15日北美SAT写作考情速递


来源:   时间:2018-09-18 10:55:52

由于飓风影响,SAT8月北美的部分考场取消了考试,延期到9月15日进行补考。本次考试重复使用了北美地区2017年12月试卷,作文部分除外,沃邦SAT教研组第一时间回顾考情,以飨读者。希望对本次考试的考生,以及准备参加今年10月SAT的考生有所帮助。

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刚刚过去的9月15日美国夏威夷SAT考试,写作题难度不高—从话题来说, 是广大考生颇为熟悉的教育,文章中大量的内容在讨论early childhood education的短/长期重要性(benefits);从写作的策略来说,与以往考试16年12月亚太的America’s future has to be multilingual有相似之处,大量引用了权威机构观点,借用专家之言来加强说服力;此外,也多少有一些批评政府短视,希望美国不能落在墨西哥、中国之后。

 
以下是全文解读,供各位考生参考
 
1 Investments in pre-kindergarten education have among the highest payoffs of any government policy, and whatever budget agreement emerges should restore the country's long-standing commitment to early education.
 
2 The budget-sequester cuts agreed to in 2011, under the guise of saving money, have knocked as many as 70,000 kids out of such programs. How myopic. It doesn't save money beyond the narrowest definition of the immediate term. Incarceration, special education, teen pregnancy, low earnings—avoiding these outcomes will actually save money, and early education helps achieve that.
 
这里使用了contrast的方法,Pre-K education是如此重要,却被过去的政策制定者削减预算,作者还谈及由此产生的后果,批评政策短视(myopic),以此引起读者对这个话题的关注。
 
3 Decades of research from many different states and cities, some of it from randomized trials, demonstrate the value of early-childhood education in the short and long term. University of Chicago economist and 2000 Nobel Laureate James Heckman, for instance, has documented the direct returns and spillover benefits of investing in high-quality early education.
 
4 The longest-term data on early education comes from the 1962-67 Perry Preschool Project study in Ypsilanti, Mich., that randomly assigned kids into an early-education program of 2.5 hours a day with follow-up visits from the teachers and followed the children in the program through the decades and into their 40s.
 
5 The result? Mr. Heckman and his colleagues have documented that children who attend high-quality preschool programs learn better, behave better, live healthier and earn more for the rest of their lives. They help themselves and help the economy. In the Michigan case, the benefits from the preschool investments were six to seven times their cost, with rates of return between 7% and 10% annually— which, Mr. Heckman notes, exceeds the historical returns of the stock market.
 
6 The Perry Preschool Project established that early education—in addition to raising educational performance and lowering dropout rates—influences the future social skills and learning capacities of students, which play a large role in employability. It seems the best job-training program for a 25- year-old is a quality preschool program at age 4.
 
7 Surveys of the vast amount of academic research on other programs in Oklahoma, North Carolina, Georgia and many other states, as well as studies of Head Start programs nationally, also document similar effects. High-quality preschool reduces high-school dropout rates significantly. It can cut the rates of later special education or repeating a grade by as much as half. It improves many different types of test scores. It also makes children less likely to commit crimes; girls with high-quality pre- K are less likely to become young single mothers. The gains are most noticeable for low-income or at-risk children.
 
Paragraph 3-7 作者大量引用了不同机构的研究成果,佐以大量的数据和例子来证明Pre-K education对孩子一生多方面的影响,这些影响包括的是学习能力、社会技能以及减少犯罪率。
  
8 Granted, quality doesn't come cheap. The generally accepted level of spending to achieve excellent early education is $10,000 annually per student, though the long-term benefits far exceed the money spent.
 
在证实了Pre-K education的重要性后,作者指出相关领域的投资是值得的。
  
9 There are already good ideas on the table waiting to be enacted. Last week, in his speech at the Center for American Progress, President Obama reiterated his plan for universal preschool. It would create a partnership with the states to offer preschool for all low- and middle-income 4-year-olds. The federal government would commit $75 billion over the next 10 years; states would receive funding only if they follow the standards proven to produce long-term payoff. On Nov. 12, Sen. Tom Harkin (D., Iowa) and Rep. George Miller (D., Calif.) introduced a bill to directly increase preschool funding to cover the budget-sequester shortfalls.
 
这里适时抛出了Obama总统的计划,并且强调总统的计划得到了参众两院政客的支持, 希望也能得到民众的支持。
 
10 Regardless of whether you agree with these approaches, you prefer different methods, or you insist that every penny of this spending must be offset with cuts elsewhere, we should be able to agree that investing in America's young children is fundamental to long-term U.S. growth. Other countries— and not just France and Sweden—are taking notice. China has pledged to increase preschool enrollment 50% by 2020. Mexico and India have made similar pledges.
 
再次强调了对pre-school education的投资,作者举了多个国家的例子,从欧洲发达国家到中国、印度以及墨西哥等发展中国家,希望政策制定者能引以为戒。
 
11 The forester's motto says that the best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago and the second best time is today. Is it too late to get an arborist into the budget negotiations?
  
最后, 作者引用了谚语,希望引起读者的思考,以此呼吁社会重视pre-k education

本文由沃邦老师原创,转载需授权。

沈老师
沃邦SAT阅读/写作教师。17年一线英语培训,几乎零投诉。先后从事四六级英语(翻译、阅读)、雅思(听力、阅读、写作)、新概念英语(第三、第四册)、商务英语(BEC中高级)、中高级口译(听力、口译、阅读)、托福(听力、阅读)及托雅(听力),SAT(美国高考)阅读及写作教学,教学经验丰富。


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