雅思阅读选择困难症?据说这样做题雅思都得了高分!


来源:   时间:2018-09-18 09:28:51

今天,沃邦雅思教研组为大家带来了雅思阅读题型详解:判断题希望以下内容能够为同学们的雅思备考提供帮助。
 
雅思阅读判断题通常又被叫做是非题,题目是若干个陈述句,要求根据原文所给的信息,判断每个陈述句是对(True错(False、还是未提及(Not Given
 
这种题型的难度在于,在对和错之外还有第三种状态:未提及。很多同学难以区分「 错 」和「 未提及 」。

究其原因,主要在于中西文化在思维方式上的差异。中国人长期是二元思维方式,即只有「 是 」和「 非 」的观念。而西方社会的价值观更加侧重于证据性即他们追求在思维上的细节对应性。

因此,在解题中需要考生把思维观念稍做更改,适应雅思考试这种新颖的题型。
 

做题步骤

1、勾题目要求
2、勾定位词 n.、考点词 adj. & v.
3、读文章、查找定位词考点词
4、与题干判断

TRUE

同义转述:synonyms

Q:Most wild rabbits are less than five years old.
 
P:Few rabbits in the wildness are more than five years old.
 
同义转述:sentence structure

Q:Biologists are unable to explain why frogs are dying.
 
P:Frogs are losing the ecological battle for survival, and biologists are at a loss to explain their demise.
 
同义转述:summary

Q:Modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907.
 
P:On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing his Modern-day plastic preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today.
  

FALSE

反义转述:antonyms

Q:Eating hamburgers is bad for peoples' health.
 
P:Eating hamburgers is beneficial to peoples' health.
 
反义转述:antonyms

Q:There is plenty of documented evidence available about the incidence of nickel sulphide failure.
 
P:Data showing the scale of the nickel sulphide problem is almost impossible to find.
 
反义转述:肯定否定句转换

Q:Current thinking on humour has largely ignored Aristotle’s view on the subject.
 
P:But most modern humour theorists have settled on some version of Aristotle’s belief that jokes are based on a reaction to or resolution of incongruity.
  

Not Given

 
NG:not mentioned at all

Q:Human is simply a delighted feeling of superiority over others.
 
P:Plato believed humour to be a sign of above-average intelligence.
 
NG:maybe yes maybe no

Q:Most comedian use personal situations as a source of humour.
 
P:A comedian will present a situation followed by an unexpected interpretation that is also apt.

\
  
让我们以一篇文章为例,做一个综合练习。
 
C5T1 P3
 
For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. 

They have developed a hit list of our main fears: natural resources are out? the population is ever growing, leaving less and less to eat? species are becoming in vast numbers, and the planet's air and water are becoming ever more polluted.
 
Buta quick look at the facts shows a different picture. 

First, energy and other natural resources have become more not less so, since the book 'The Limits to Growth' was published in 1972 by a group of scientists. 

Second, more food is now produced per of the world's population than at any time in history. Fewer people are starving.

Third, although species are indeed becoming extinct, only about 0.7% of them are expected to disappear in the next 50 years, not 25~50%, as has so often been . 

And finally, most forms of environmental pollution either appear to have been , or are transient - associated with the early stages of industrialization and therefore best cured not by restricting economic growth, but by accelerating it. 

One form of pollution - the release of greenhouse gases that causes global warming - does appear to be a phenomenon that is going to extend well into our future, but its total impact is unlikely to pose a devastating problem. 

A bigger problem may well turn out to be an inappropriate response to it.
  
27. Environmentalists take a pessimistic view of the world for a number of reasons.
(TRUE)
 
28. Data on the Earth’s natural resources has only been collected since 1972.
(NOT GIVEN)
 
29. The number of starving people in the world has increased in recent years.
(FALSE)
 
30. Extinct species are being replaced by new species.
(NOT GIVEN)
 
31. Some pollution problems have been correctly linked to industrialisation.
(TRUE)
 
32. It would be best to attempt to slow down economic growth. 
(FALSE)
 

总 结

 
判断题属于简单题型,难度相当于填空题。几乎所有的判断题都是严格遵守顺序原则 」的,也就是说题目的顺序与文章的顺序是一致的。
 
做题流程:
 
首先划出题目的考点词(adj. & v.以及定位词(n.,然后在文章中寻找对应的出处并作判断;
 
判断时要思考,这个问题在文章中有没有提到:
 
1、如果没有提到这件事,则直接 NOT GIVEN;
 
2、如果有提到,则倾向于在 TRUE(文章和题目一一对应)或者 FALSE(文章和题目直接冲突)之间作判断,也有可能是 NOT GIVEN(maybe yes maybe no)。

\
樊老师
沃邦托福、雅思阅读老师
英西法三语者;纯正美式口音;上海交大、财大等高校 3 年授课经验;善于引导学生,将分析思维外化,建立正确逻辑思维,从原理出发解决问题;授课风格严谨而不失幽默,是一位热爱时尚、醉心语言的践行者。
 
本文系沃邦樊老师原创,未经许可禁止转载!


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