托福想要破100从哪一个板块下手最轻松?


来源:   时间:2018-01-24 11:14:02

托福100,从谁开刀
 
托福主要分为四大板块,听说读写。其中,阅读贯穿三大板块。
来计较一笔,R: 25, L: 25, S: 25, W: 25,各科25,总分才100分。
 
目标想破100分,听力25+和口语25+所花费的精力远大于阅读28+的。(阅读20还想总分100+?你开玩笑呢吧)
 
所以,开刀还是先在阅读上来。阅读28+,你距离总分上百已经近了。
送壮士一句话“风萧萧兮易水寒,托福阅读并不难”

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阅读28,从哪里开刀
 
单词,长难句,文章结构,题型专项训练都是阅读拿高分的关键。
先看几个题型的做法:
 
1. 事实信息题 
方法:key words, key sentences, key meaning

步骤:精读题干,确定定位词,回原文找定位句,提取题干,根据关键信息筛选四个选项。
 
注意哟(///▽///)ETS爸爸可是很容易设置同义句改写来迷惑你的。
 
2.  推断题
标志:infer,imply,indicate,suggest,most likely
方法:联系上下文,总结概括,正反推断
步骤:精读题干,寻找定位词,回原文定位,读懂理解,根据所获信息推导
 
遇到较难题时,可以结合排除法(没提及/相反/极端/前半句对后半句错或反之),排除掉错的,正确选项就出来了。
 
3.  修辞目的题
标志: why,in order to(题干中) /   To do, Do(选项开头)
方法:抓住主旨做题
步骤:定位句不重要,定位句要证明的point最重要。
 
所以读到定位句之后要去找该句想证明的点在哪里,一般往前后句或段落的首1/首2句。答案就是point的论点句同义改写句。
 
阅读28,怎么开刀
 
来一起看看这道推断题,看看阅读28,到底有多远:
 
Paragraph3: 
With question such as these clearly before them, the scientists aboard theGlomar Challenger processed to the Mediterranean to search for the answers. OnAugust 23, 1970, they recovered a sample.The sample consisted of pebbles of hardened sedimentthat had once been soft, deep-sea mud, as well as granules of gypsum andfragments of volcanic rock. 
Not asingle pebble was found that might have indicated that the pebbles came fromthe nearby continent. In the days following, samples of solid gypsum wererepeatedly brought on deck as drilling operations penetrated the seafloor.
Furthermore,the gypsum was found to possess peculiarities of composition and structure thatsuggested it had formed on desert flats. Sedimentabove and below the gypsum layer contained tiny marine fossils, indicatingopen-ocean conditions. As they drilled into the central and deepest part of theMediterranean basin, the scientists took solid, shiny, crystallinesalt from the core barrel. Interbedded with the salt were thin layers of whatappeared to be windblown silt.
 
10.Which of the following can beinferred from paragraph 3 about the solid gypsum layer?
○Itdid not contain any marine fossil.
○Ithad formed in open-ocean conditions.
○Ithad once been soft, deep-sea mud.
○It contained sediment from nearby deserts.
 
(建议先读,再看答案哦)
 
根据题干,可以确定定位词为solid gypsum layer,但仅凭这一个词并不好确定定位句(因为文中好几个句子和solid gypsum layer有关)这个时候阅读长难句的能力派上用场了,能否抓住主干是做题正确的一个很大前提,在有限的时间需要获取足够多有效内容。
还有很多同学会将定位句定位到Thesample (consisted of pebbles of hardened sediment)(that had once been soft, deep-sea mud, as well asgranules of gypsum and fragments of volcanic rock.)
 
然而这句话说的是样本包括曾经被软泥、深海泥、石膏和火山岩碎屑颗粒组成的坚硬沉积物的鹅卵石。不能帮助我们选出正确选项。
真正的定位句在后面, Furthermore, the gypsum was found to possesspeculiarities of composition and structure that suggested it had formed ondesert flats. Sediment above and below the gypsum layer contained tiny marinefossils, indicating open-ocean conditions.
石膏被发现含有显示它形成于沙漠平地的特殊成分和结构(既然形成于沙漠平地,那么就不可能含有海洋化石)。后面又说,石膏层上下的沉淀物都含有微小的海洋化石(也算是个暗示,上下都有,唯独没有提到石膏层本身是否含有)。
 
总之就是在暗示你:solid gypsum layer和其上层下层都不一样,不含有marine fossil
正确答案为A,你...选对了吗?(坏笑. jpg)
 
文章来源于TFT小组。


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