2018年6月10日托福写作考情分析


来源:   时间:2018-06-13 10:03:15

继昨天沃邦胡老师为大家解析了上周日托福口语的考情,今天沃邦陈老师继续为大家详细剖析这次托福写作真题。
 
综合写作
 
话题:Whether the declining of bison was caused by the European American settlers.
Reading
主旨:About bison, a kind of animal, something like cattle or horse. The passage suggests that the declining bison was due to the European American settlers.
 
分论点:

1、When European American cross prairies, they hunted bison as food because there is no food in prairies.
 
2、They brought cattle and horses, which carpeted with bison for resources.
 
3、The evolving technology, especially guns, let hunters kill several bison in a short time.
 
 
Listening
主旨:The professor contradicts each of these three points.
 
分论点:

1、The European American moved from east to west, but the bison decline in the western part of America. The pattern of how bison disappeared gradually was different from that of movement of European American.
 
2、Bison have double furs covering their bodies and unique head structure, which allow them to live in harsher and colder areas.The areas were unreachable for cattle and horses. How could different spices carpet with each other in separate territories?
 
3、The advanced technology should not be blame worthy for the decreasing bison. The ancient methods are as effectively as guts. Skilled ancient American hunters could kill several bison with short intervals.

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独立写作
University wants freshmen get to know more about university life, freshmen have two choice:
 
1、attending a one-week orientation or introduction program when you are in the university campus, and it will begin before you have the classes;
 
2、meeting regularly in your first year with a student in your major field who has entered the university for several years.
 
解析:
这是一道原题题干相对来说较长的独立写作题(考题回忆为大意概括仅做参考);两个选项也偏长,所以需要比平时更多的读题和审题时间。
 
在面对这样长题的考试中,一定不要紧张、也不要略读题目,这样容易漏掉一些关键词,导致论证时没有扣题。
 
题目关键词:
freshmen, one-week orientation, introduction, regularly, in first year, senior students, same major field
  
审题时首先考虑大一新生的身份,通常对校园不够熟悉、ambitious、exhilarating、eagerto socialize 等等。
 
然后对比 orientation 与 regular meeting 的区别,比如前者能更好的为新生开学前做好准备工作,后者更全面更具体。
 
在论证过程中记得强调 senior student 和 major field 的特色。
可参考分论点:
立场:regular meeting with a senior student
 
1、Orientation and introduction 通常非常的泛泛,只简单介绍下基本情况,并不能给学生提供太实际的帮助;而学长学姐对于专业课和校园有更丰富的经验。
 
(比如:orientation 只能告诉学生学校的各个教学楼的功能和用途,这些资料非常容易通过其他途径获得,但是怎么才能在小组作业中与他人更有效的合作这样的问题,只有学长学姐才能更好的解答。)
 

 
2、在一年的时间里的固定会议能让大一新生对自己的专业有更深入长远的了解,在与学长学姐学习交流的过程中也能成为朋友,相较于同龄人,年纪稍长的学长学姐们作为朋友能提供更宝贵的建议和帮助,也会成为大一新生的榜样。
 
(比如同龄人大部分都和自己一样在很多专业选择上比较迷茫,但是学长学姐却能在新生迷茫的时候给出指导性意见)
 
语料库:
practical:adj. 实际的
broad:adj.宽泛的
fathom:v. 理解,彻底了解
personal network: 人际圈
peer: 同龄人
 
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陈老师
沃邦托福写作老师
上海外国语大学本科,教师资格证(高中英语),托福115分。2011年至今教龄6年,主讲托福写作、SSAT写作、ACT写作。


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