【机经领取】 2018年寒假独立写作机经解析


来源:   时间:2018-01-18 11:38:33

相对托福阅读及听力而言,口语及写作机经的重复率较高,寒假备考期即将来临,沃邦托福教研组的老师为托福党们准备了一波托福口语独立题解析及独立写作机经解析,每一道真题后面附有参考范文,希望考生们可以参考老师给出的解题思路,在正式考场上能够信手拈来取得高分。在此提醒下考生:切记盲目依赖机经,最重要的还是参考解题思路。
 
由于篇幅原因,本文仅推送部分机经解析,独立写作机经完整版可在文末提供的网盘下载。

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1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People in the past are more interested in improving their neighborhood (the area where they live) than now.

同意
分论点:
People in the past have less life and economic pressure, so they have more money to improve their community.
过去的人生活压力不大,有钱来改善社区;
Since the work pace is not that fast compared with that of today, people at that time are more enthusiastic to make their surrounding area better.
过去人工作节奏不快,有时间和心情去改善社区;
Living in a neighborhood for a longer time, people of the past are more familiar with their nearby region, thus more willing to make improvement to it.
过去的人会在一个地方住很久,对邻里比较熟悉,更愿意改善社区;
 
不同意
分论点:
People today are better-off than those in the past, so they are more keen to help improve their community.
今天的人更有钱;
Having received better education, people nowadays develop greater public awareness of helping neighborhood.
今天的人受到的教育更好,更有公共意识;
By connecting and communicating on the Internet, people at present are more willing to cooperate to better their surrounding area.
今天的人通过网络互相了解,他们其实更容易合作起来改善社区;
 
语料库:
be enthusiastic/excited/intent/keen/responsive to do … 对……有热情
appear/be/feel/look/seem/become/get interested in doing … 感兴趣
deeply/especially/greatly/intensely/keenly/most/particularly interested 非常感兴趣
not at all/not in the least/not the least bit interested 一点都没兴趣
not much/not very/only half interested 不那么有兴趣
a close/considerable/deep/great/intense/keen interest 兴趣大
arouse/attract/awaken/catch/draw/generate/kindle/spark/stimulate/stir up interest 引起兴趣
keep/maintain/sustain interest 保持兴趣
a surrounding/nearby district/community/region/area/block 周边社区
improve/make better/better/ make improvements to/upgrade 改善
 
People rush to work or school in the early morning and come back late in the evening every day, having no time to relax. 每天清晨人们匆忙上班或上学晚上回来, 没有时间放松。
People have to work hard to survive in this highly competitive society. 在这个竞争激烈的社会里, 人们必须努力工作才能生存。
They prefer spending their free time alone rather than helping make the environment in their neighborhood better. 他们宁愿独自度过闲暇时间, 也不愿帮助邻里改善环境。
Although many people earn more these days, they do not care about their neighborhood that much as past. 虽然现在很多人挣得更多, 但他们并不像过去那样关心邻里。
They hardly have time for other activities, even though they want to make contribution to their community. 他们几乎没有时间做其他活动, 即使他们想为他们的社区作出贡献。
 
2. Someone thinks that scores should be the sum total of the scores of many assignments while others think that the scores should be the results of 1 or 2 exams. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
同意平时表现
分论点:
By taking scores of many assignments into account, teachers can evaluate the performance of students more accurately.
老师能准确地评估学生的表现;
Students would focus more on how well they can do in daily tasks rather than cramming for 1 or 2 exams.
学生会更注重平时表现,而不是为了考试抱佛脚;
Judging students only by the results of a single test would be likely to put them under higher pressure.
只看重考试成绩会导致学生压力更大;
 
语料库:
perfect/excellent/good/high/record/top scores 好分数
bad/ low/ poor scores 糟糕的分数
combined/overall/total scores 总分
achieve/get/have/obtain/receive scores 取得分数
boost/improve/increase scores 提高分数
scores/points/marks/total 分数
cram for/swot up on/burn the midnight oil 临时抱佛脚
effectively/fully/properly/thoroughly evaluate 有效地评估
independently/objectively evaluate 客观评估
be difficult to/be hard to/be impossible to evaluate 很难评估
appraisal/appraisement/assessment/judgment 评估
 
Through students’ normal performance, the school can evaluate their effort more comprehensively. 通过学生的平时表现,学校可以更全面地评估一个学生的努力程度。
Paying too much attention to an individual test, students may suffer from excessive anxiety before the exam. 对单次考试太过重视, 学生可能会在考试前感到过度焦虑。
Evaluating students by many assignments leads to a better result, motivating them to focus on study all the time. 通过许多作业对学生进行评价可以得到更好的结果, 激励他们一直专注于学习。
They have no choice but take every assignment seriously as the assignments are of equal importance. 他们别无选择, 只能认真对待每项任务, 因为所有任务同样重要。
One of the worst consequence of attaching too much importance to one exam is students may be involved in cheating in order to win the competition. 过分重视一次考试的最严重后果之一是学生可能会为了在竞争中获胜而参与作弊。
 
3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person who plans well and works carefully is more likely to succeed than a person who takes risks.

同意
分论点:
Developing a detailed plan and carry it out meticulously can lead to higher efficiency.
制定细节的计划并小心实施可以导致更高的效率;
Having a comprehensive plan can respond to any unforeseen emergency more promptly.
面对突发情况,有全面的计划更容易保证不出错;
Even though a person taking risks may grasp a better opportunity, he or she can still spoil the chance if there is no plan or schedule.
即使冒险的人可能会抓住更好的机会,但没有计划或安排他(她)还是会毁掉这个机会;
 
不同意
分论点:
Sticking to a plan could result in lower efficiency.
按部就班会导致效率低下;
Emergency cannot be handled if one follows stereotype routine.
墨守成规会无法应对突发状况;
Taking risks may enable people grasp a better opportunity.
冒险可以抓住更好的机会;
 
语料库:
a comprehensive/detailed/good plan 全面的计划
come up with/create/design/develop/devise/draft/draw up 制定计划
carefully/meticulously/well/rationally plan 仔细/合理计划
go as planned 按计划进行
a plan of action 行动计划
effectively/efficiently/productively work 有效地工作
face/run/take risks 冒险
cut/decrease/diminish/lessen/limit/lower/minimize/mitigate/reduce risks 减少风险
added/additional/elevated/extra/heightened/increased/increasing risks 增加的风险
accomplish your objective/be successful/do well/achieve success 成功
 
Careful planning always helps us realize what is coming, preparing us for any challenge. 细心的计划总能帮助我们认识到未来的事情, 让我们为挑战做好准备。
A well designed time-schedule enable people to finish their work in time, even in advance. 一个设计良好的时间表使人们能够按时完成工作, 甚至是提前完成。
Every task needs to to have a careful and long-term plan, including all the details of each step. 每个任务都需要有一个仔细和长期的计划, 包括每个步骤的所有细节。
No matter facing how many thorny problems, people with a good plan would figure it out one by one. 无论面对多少棘手的问题, 有一个好的计划的人会一个一个地解决。
Thanks to plan B, people are able to face unexpected problems more calmly. 多亏了B计划, 人们才能更从容地面对意想不到的问题。
 
4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important goal of education is to teach people how to educate themselves.

同意
分论点:
People can continue learning more knowledge by themselves after graduating from school.
从学校毕业后人们可以自己学会更多的知识;
Knowing how to teach themselves keep people upgrading in this fast developing world.
知识的更新速度很快,学会自学可以保持更新;
As the information in books could be wrong, learning on one’s own is helpful for people to think critically.
书上的知识可能是错的,自学有助于批判性思考;
 
语料库:
acquire/get/ have/obtain/receive (an) education 接受教育
decent/excellent/first-class/good/high-quality/quality/well-rounded education 高质量的教育
acquire/gain/have/possess knowledge 获取知识
apply/use/impart/share/spread 运用/分享知识
advance/enhance/expand/extend/improve/increase knowledge 拓展/增加知识
go to/attend/have/take a class/lesson 参加课程
give (sb)/offer (sb)/provide/teach a class/lesson about/on… 提供/教授课程
study/prepare/revise/review/cram for a test/an exam 为考试做准备
do/sit/sit for/ take a test/exam 参加考试
pass/fail a test/exam 通过/未通过考试
effective/successful learning 有效的学习
independent/lifelong learning 独立/终身学习
facilitate/promote learning 促进学习
teach/school/tutor/instruct/coach/train themselves 自学
As students cannot rely on their teachers to pass on knowledge forever, they must learn how to educate themselves. 由于学生不能依赖老师永远传授知识, 他们必须学会如何教育自己。
Otherwise, those students may find it hard to survive because of the lack of self-teaching abilities. 否则, 这些学生可能会发现很难生存, 因为他们缺少自学能力。
Most importantly, schools force students to study and master concepts in order to help students learn how to study and master concepts. 最重要的是, 学校强迫学生学习和掌握概念, 以帮助学生学会学习和掌握概念。
After graduation, students will not have the same chances to study in a systematic way as they did at school. 毕业后, 学生不会像在学校一样有系统地学习的机会。
Without self-learning ability, students could not form a habit of critical thinking. 没有自学能力, 学生就不能养成批判性思维的习惯。
 
5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In the future, people will lead a more leisurely life.

不同意
分论点:
1. 将来竞争会越来越激烈,使得生活变得不易。
People will not live easily since the competition would be more intense.
2. 人口的增加和自然资源的减少使得人们的生活会越来越艰难。
People’s life would be harder on account of increasing population and decreasing natural resources
 
语料库:
carefree 无忧无虑的
present a rising trend呈现一个上升趋势
diligent 勤奋的
fierce competition 激烈的竞争
promotion 升职
advance one's career 职业晋升
take risks 冒险
high in risk 风险很高
meet the requirement of 满足。。。的需求
achieve success 成功
 
The job market is competitive, and we could predict that the competition will be keener due to the limited job vacancy. 求职市场竞争很大,我们可以预计由于职位空缺的减少,竞争会愈发激烈。
The large population will result in more vicious competition vying for the limited resources.人口数量的增加会导致争夺有限资源的激烈竞争。
As a variety of household appliances gradually come into people’s eyes, people always can do chores readily and promptly with those tools now.随着大量家用电器逐渐进入人们视野,人们可以更方便及时的用各种工具做家务。
No matter facing how many thorny problems, people with abundant resources would figure it out one by one. 无论面对多少棘手的问题, 有大量资源的人会一个一个地解决。
Thanks to advanced technology, people are able to face unexpected problems more leisurely. 多亏了先进科技, 人们才能更从容地面对意想不到的问题。
 
由于篇幅原因,本文仅推送部分机经解析,2018寒假独立写作机经完整版可在此网盘链接中下载:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1jJ3DeEa


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